English Grammar for proficiency: The Simple Present Tense
The Simple Present Tense is usually used to talk about regular actions or general truths.
||I/You/We/They + V1|
| He/She/It + V1 + -s
||I/You/We/They + do + not + V1
|He/She/It + does + not + V1|
||Do + I/You/We/They + V1|
|Does + He/She/It + V1|
||I love you.||––|
|He sings well.||––|
||I do not love you.||I don't love you.|
|He does not sing.||He doesn't sing.|
||Do you love me?||––|
|Does he sing?||––|
||Do you not love me?||Don't you love me?|
|Does she not sing?||Doesn't she sing?|
|always, usually, generally, often, sometimes, occasionally, never, every day/week/year etc., once a day, twice a week, three times a year, on Sundays, on Saturday nights, on Monday mornings, on weekdays/weekends, at night/noon, in the morning/afternoon/evening
It is often used with adverbs of frequency such as 'always, sometimes, usually, often, never' when we talk about habits, daily routines, repeated actions or repeated events.
・ I always get up early.
・ He likes playing chess.
・ John drinks tea every day.
・ We go swimming twice a week.
・ How often do you go running?
・ They watch TV in the evening.
It is used to indicate a permanent situation or a general truth.
・My name is Maria.
・He works in Germany.
・Where do you live?
・It doesn't rain much here.
・Tom knows three languages.
・The sun sets in the west.
・Every atom has a nucleus.
・The Earth orbits around the Sun.
・Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
・The human body is made up of cells.
It is used with 'stative verbs' to indicate a feeling or thought in the present.
・I feel dizzy.
・You look awful.
・I want to drink water.
・I don't understand you.
It is often used with adverbs of time such as 'tomorrow, next week, this evening' to indicate something is scheduled to happen in the future.
・The school starts next week.
・The concert starts at 7 p.m. tonight.
・The plane arrives at 09.45 tomorrow.
It is used as a clause with conjunctions such as 'if, when, while, after, before, unless'.
・If it rains, we'll get wet.
・I will visit my uncle before I leave.
・We listen to music while we work.
・I'll give something to him when I see him.
It is used in sentences that give an order, instruction or direction.
・Call the police.
・You two help me.
・You turn the key to start the car.
・Go straight for one mile and then turn right.
It is used to narrate a story, tale, book, movie, or match.
・The prince goes to the forest and...
・The player kicks the ball and scores a goal.
It is used to introduce the quotation or paraphrase someone's words.
・The Bible says do everything in love.
・The report warns that a global water crisis is likely.
It is used instead of the past tense in news headlines.
・Five soldiers die in Iraq.
・Four people injure in the collision.
It is used in phrases 'there goes.., here comes...'.
・Here comes your daughter.
・There goes the bus we were supposed to catch